PHY/CHEM (Grade 9)
Links: NHPS Science Overview
|QuarterOne||QuarterTwo||Quarter Three||Quarter Four|
|MATTER AND HEAT||ATOMS AND BONDING||CHEMICAL BONDING AND POLYMERS||CHEMICAL CYCLES||EARTH MATERIALS AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT||ENERGY AND ELECTRICITY||ENERGY SOURCES AND IMPACTS|
|INQUIRY STANDARDS ACROSS ALL UNITS
D INQ.1 Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigation.
D INQ.2 Read, interpret and examine the credibility and validity of scientific claims in different sources of information.
D INQ.3 Formulate a testable hypothesis and demonstrate logical connections between the scientific concepts guiding the hypothesis and the design of the experiment.
D INQ.4 Design and conduct appropriate types of scientific investigations to answer different questions.
D INQ.5 Identify independent and dependent variables, including those that are kept constant and those used as controls.
D INQ.6 Use appropriate tools and techniques to make observations and gather data.
D INQ.7 Assess the reliability of the data that was generated in the investigation.
D INQ.8 Use mathematical operations to analyze and interpret data, and present relationships between variables in appropriate forms.
D INQ.9 Articulate conclusions and explanations based on research data, and assess results based on the design of the investigation.
D INQ.10 Communicate about science in different formats, using relevant science vocabulary, supporting evidence and clear logic.
|D1 - Describe the effects of adding energy to matter in terms of the motion of atoms and molecules, and the resulting phase changes.
D2 - Explain how energy is transferred by conduction, convection and radiation.
|D10 - Describe the general structure of the atom, and explain how the properties of the first 20 elements in the Periodic Table are related to their atomic structures.
D11 - Describe how atoms combine to form new substances by transferring electrons (ionic bonding) or sharing electrons (covalent bonding).
|D17 - Explain how the chemical structure of polymers affects their physical properties.
D13 - Explain how the structure of the carbon atom affects the type of bonds it forms in organic and inorganic molecules.
D14 - Describe combustion reactions of hydrocarbons and their resulting by-products.
D15 - Explain the general formation and structure of carbon-based polymers, including synthetic polymers, such as polyethylene, and biopolymers, such as carbohydrate.
D16 - Explain how simple chemical monomers can be combined to create linear, branched and/or cross-linked polymers.
|D19 - Explain how chemical and physical processes cause carbon to cycle through the major earth reservoirs.
D20 - Explain how solar energy causes water to cycle through the major earth reservoirs.
D24 - Explain how the accumulation of mercury, phosphates and nitrates affects the quality of water and the organisms that live in rivers, lakes and oceans.
|D12 - Explain the chemical composition of acids and bases, and explain the change of pH in neutralization reactions.
D18 - Explain the short- and long-term impacts of landfills and incineration of waste materials on the quality of the environment.
D25 - Explain how land development, transportation options and consumption of resources may affect the environment.
D26 - Describe human efforts to reduce the consumption of raw materials and improve air and water quality.
|D3 - Describe energy transformations among heat, light, electricity and motion.
D4 - Explain the relationship among voltage, current and resistance in a simple series circuit.
D5 - Explain how electricity is used to produce heat and light in incandescent bulbs and heating elements.
D6 - Describe the relationship between current and magnetism.
|D8 - Describe the availability, current uses and environmental issues related to the use of fossil and nuclear fuels to produce electricity.
D22 - Explain how the release of sulfur dioxide (SO2) into the atmosphere can form acid rain, and how acid rain affects water sources, organisms and human-made structures.
D23 - Explain how the accumulation of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere increases Earth’s “greenhouse” effect and may cause climate changes.
D9 - Describe the availability, current uses and environmental issues related to the use of hydrogen fuel cells, wind and solar energy to produce electricity.
|Significant Task||Phase Change Lab||Ice Cold Lab||* CT Embedded Tasks: Polymers Lab, STS Polymer Web||Carbon Trip Through The Cycle,||* CT Embedded Tasks, Acid Rain Lab, STS Brownfield Sites||CT Embedded Task Solar Cooker Lab||CT Embedded Task STS Energy Graph, Energy Sources/Global Warming Debate|
|Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials||Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials||Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials, Teaching Plastics, CRISPY Programs||Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials||Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials||Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials||Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials|